it reached every part of the state. our council leadership especially over on the eastern part of iowa was very concerned about this. lots of discussions were going on with the county auditors in that area with our people there. and fear was growing. >> joseph, thanks. i want to bring judith back into the conversation. listening to this when you take all of these states into consideration in terms of the strict voter i.d. laws, these efforts to purge the voter rolls, are minorities winning or losing this fight with the help of the judicial system? >> well, we know that, you know, voting should be free, fair, and accessible. unfortunately, we have seen politicians trying to manipulate the rules for their own partisan gain. and we have been winning. in fact, in florida, we just settled our case around the purge issue there. we know that these laws are targeting african-americans, latinos, the elderly, and veterans. and young voters. and so we're fighting back.